The Dodd-Frank Act was passed in 2010 in an effort to establish some regulation and oversight on a financial industry in free fall after the housing collapse of the previous two years. A far-ranging attempt to reform banking practices that led to the robosigning scandal and other abuses that contributed to the flood of foreclosures and mortgage defaults, the Act affects not only large financial firms but also independent investors in income property.
The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act has been met with mixed reactions, depending on what side of the financial fence one happens to be on. Lenders and other financial institutions decry the tighter regulations that end bailouts and require more transparency and stringent regulations, while consumer advocates hail the Act as a major step forward in ensuring that mortgage holders and applicants, as well as those using other financial products, are protected from abusive practices.
In any case, though, the Act affects real estate entrepreneurs applying Jason Hartman’s strategies for income property investing in a variety of ways. One of these involves the creation of a new independent watchdog agency in the Federal Reserve, which is responsible for ensuring that consumers of financial products are protected from deceptive and abusive practices in transactions including mortgage lending, refinancing, and foreclosure proceedings.
One impetus for the creation of the Act was the massive “robosigning” scandal that occurred at the height of the housing collapse of 2008-2011. A number of major lenders, including the megabanks Chase, Bank of America, and Wells Fargo, processed a number of foreclosure cases on fraudulent documentation with falsified signatures from employees who never reviewed the cases at all. As a result, numerous foreclosure cases were held up with lenders and the courts, which will likely result in a wave of foreclosed homes hitting the market over the next two years.
Lax lending standards in the mortgage industry also contributed to the crash, as numerous “subprime” mortgage holders were unable to meet ballooning payments and floundered, losing homes to foreclosure or being forced into short sales which left them with no return on the property. These problem mortgages resulted in a flood of low-cost homes into the housing market, creating a boon for investors seeking to get started with investing in single-family homes as rental properties.
But the Dodd-Frank act, as part of the effort to impose regulation on the mortgage industry, upholds stricter standards for lenders as well as mortgage applicants in an effort to prevent another housing crisis fueled by unprepared homeowners who were poor loan risks in the first place. These stricter standards affect all mortgage seekers, whether they’re looking for a primary home or an investment property.
Although interest rates are nearing record lows, the Dodd-Frank Act may make it a little tougher to qualify for a mortgage at those low rates or to refinance an existing one. For those investors following Jason Hartman’s strategies for income property investing, the housing landscape may be safer, but a little more challenging.
The Heroic Investing Team