Programs offering assistance to struggling homeowners in the aftermath of the housing collapse have focused mainly on residential homeowners needing help to make mortgage payments and keep their homes out of foreclosure. But it’s less well known that investors can struggle too, and investment properties can fall into foreclosure as well as those occupied by the owners.
The number of single-family homes occupied by renters has been rising steadily since the housing collapse of 2008. As we’ve noted in previous posts on the topic, former homeowners who lost homes in the collapse have helped to fuel the upswing in rental housing, along with other non-traditional renters such as retirees and those under 30 who aren’t very interested in buying the typical single family dwelling. And a hot rental market is also good for investors who have little trouble finding tenants for their investment properties and keeping a cash flow coming in from them.
But it’s less obvious that in some markets landlord/investors may also be struggling to keep up with the mortgages on their rental properties. In areas where economies are depressed and jobs are scarce, keeping properties rented may be harder, and tax deductions for passive income loss don’t always apply. Some investors bought up low-cost proprieties when the housing market was booming, and are now stuck with those homes – unable to sell them, but also unable to use them to meet the monthly mortgage costs.
Refinancing options and other kinds of homeowner help for investors has been limited, focusing instead on averting foreclosure for residential homeowners. Some lenders require investors to meet more stringent criteria than residential; borrowers, and may charge higher interest rates.
But some major lenders are also recognizing that stabilizing struggling landlords can also stabilize the housing market in that area by keeping renters secure in their dwellings and keeping houses from standing vacant, subject to deterioration and vandalism. In 2012, the Home Affordable Refinance Program, or HARP, opened its doors to investors with a high loan to value ratio as well as residential homeowners.
The revised HARP guidelines make mortgage assistance available to individual investors who have been turned down for refinancing by other participating lenders. And some added provisions in the new version of HARP, or HARP 2.0, are aimed directly at investors. While the original version of HARP restricted financing to owners of just one owner-occupied home, the new guidelines allow borrowers to own and refinance more than one property. The new HARP also allows unlimited loan-to-value and access to a wider variety of lenders who administer the program for Fannie Mae.
Although the image of the struggling homeowner barely staying afloat is the face of the housing collapse, the recently revised HARP standards reveal that landlord/investors, especially those holding only a few properties, can struggle too. And helping those heroic investors following Jason Hartman’s investing guidelines helps renters and neighborhoods as well.
The Heroic Investing Team